In Search of Biblical Role Models for Mongo Women
Front Cover of Old Testament Essays, Volume 34, Issue 2, 2021


Old Testament
Democratic Republic of Congo

How to Cite

Kondemo, M. M. (2021). In Search of Biblical Role Models for Mongo Women: A Bosadi Reading of Vashti and Esther. Old Testament Essays, 34(2), 554–572. Retrieved from


The Old Testament world clearly subjected the woman to the will and protection of her husband, but she was also celebrated for performing important roles as wife and mother. Although some  of  its texts may be considered oppressive in certain ways, the Bible also contains positive examples of liberation stories for women to emulate. The Bible contains stories which may be read to promote the rights of women to be what God wants them to be, a right which needs to be reclaimed. Informed by David Adamo’s African biblical hermeneutical reading that encourages the appropriation of the Bible by African women and men by reconsidering ancient biblical traditions and African life experiences with the purpose of finding biblical role models, this essay reads the Bible from the point of view of the marginalised and oppressed in order to draw out a liberation message. In this article, I examine the characters of Esther and Vashti in the book of Esther as they navigate a patriarchal context in light of Mongo women’s experiences. Though Esther and Vashti operated on a high-class level, both women can serve as role models to Mongo women. The strategies used by the two queens can also be combined to affirm Mongo women and help them to conceive new identities and roles.


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