Resistance of Oppression in Exod 1-15 and Southern Africa
Front Cover of Old Testament Essays, Volume 34, Issue 2, 2021


Southern Africa

How to Cite

Mtshiselwa, N. (2021). Resistance of Oppression in Exod 1-15 and Southern Africa: An Intersectional Perspective . Old Testament Essays, 34(2), 503–529. Retrieved from


The article investigates the oppression of people as well as its resistance in Exod 1–15 and Southern Africa, from an intersectional perspective. The Zimbabwean migrant women embody the intersectional struggles of the working-class people (class), women (gender) and immigrants (internationality) in Southern Africa. This scenario might have been the case in the world of the biblical texts. First, the study outlines the lived experiences of the Zimbabwean migrant women in South Africa in order to highlight the multi-layered and intersectional character of and the resistance of their oppression. Second, the essay probes the resistance of oppression in the Exodus narrative, with a specific interest in women. Third and lastly, the study shows how the intersectionality theory assists us in drawing a broader and relative depiction of the oppression of women in Exod 1–15 and in Southern Africa as well as the need to resist such oppression.


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