Pitie et Non-violence dans 1S 24-26 : Cas de David Versus Saul et Nabal


This article takes root in the reading of the narrative sequence which we find 1S 24-26 where three narratives follow one after another: at first to David who leads Saul to Engaddi, then to Abigail who diverts David from his plan to avenge Nabal, and finally, to David who once more saves the life of Saul in the desert of Ziph. To emphasize the need for pity and nonviolence in the society, it seems interesting to us to raise the context antecedent to this sequence where the hostility of Saul towards David leaves no shadow of a doubt. Indeed, devoured by jealousy in the face of David's successes, Saul tries with a doggedness to eliminate the latter who dashes off desperately until golden opportunities are presented to him to eliminate Saul. He does not eliminate him, but he gets only the piece of his coat as he surprises him while he was covering his feet. Then, for a second time, he still saves his life when he perceives him sleeping near Abner. Refusing to hurt him, he takes the lance which was at his bedside as well as the gourd of water. Pity and non-violence towards enemies practised by David could be the resources which our society needs to strengthen to consolidate conviviality. In this context where wars, conflicts, hatred, vengeances and terrorism seem to gain ground, could the rediscovery of these two values be a challenge to reveal for our world?