Inner-biblical Allusion in Habakkuk’s משא (Hab 1:1-2:20) and Utterances Concerning Babylon in Isaiah 13-23 (Isa 13:1-14:23; 21:1-10)

  • Gert TM Prinsloo University of Pretoria
Keywords: Habakkuk, Isaiah, oracles concerning the nations, prophecy, prophecy as writing, intertextuality, inner-biblical allusion

Abstract

Inner-biblical allusions in Habakkuk’s משא (Hab 1:1-2:20) and משאות concerning Babylon in Isaiah 13-23 (Isa 13:1-14:23; 21:1-10) suggest a shared tradition circle and the reinterpretation of prophetic messages in developing social and political circumstances. Habakkuk’s משא condemns violent behaviour (1:5-11, 12-17; 2:5-20), but with the exception of הכשדים (“the Chaldeans”) in 1:5, shows a surprising reluctance to name the perpetrators of violence overtly. An analysis of inner-biblical allusions in Hab 1:1-2:20 and Isa 13:1-14:23; 21:1-10 – where Babylonian arrogance is overtly condemned – facilitates a contextual interpretation of both prophetic corpora, throws light on the identity of “the wicked” in Habakkuk, and makes an (original) exilic setting for Hab 1-2 a distinct possibility. Habakkuk’s משא might be deliberately vague about the identity of the wicked because of their ominous presence in the concrete living conditions of its audience.

 

https://doi.org/10.17159/2312-3621/2018/v31n3a15

Author Biography

Gert TM Prinsloo, University of Pretoria

Professor

Department of Ancient Languages and Cultures

University of Pretoria

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Published
2019-01-31