Loving the Neighbour and the Resident Alien in Leviticus 19 as Ethical Redefinition of Holiness

  • Hendrik Ludolph Bosman Stellenbosch University
Keywords: Leviticus 19, Loving the neighbor, Loving the resident alien, Holiness


“Loving the neighbour” is generally accepted as fundamental to Judeo-Christian theological ethics. However, few reflect on the implications of extending “loving the neighbour” (Lev 19:18) to “loving the resident alien/foreigner” (Lev 19:33-34) within the context of the Holiness Code (Lev 17-26). This contribution argues that “holiness” is redefined in Leviticus 19 by combining the instructions related to cultic rituals (aimed at the priests) in Leviticus 1-16 with the theological-ethical issues (aimed at all Israelites) in Leviticus 17-26; thereby moving from “ascribed holiness” (granted by divine decree to cultic officials) to “achieved holiness” (available to all Israel through obedience) in the post-exilic period.



Author Biography

Hendrik Ludolph Bosman, Stellenbosch University


Old and New Testament

Stellenbosch University


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