The Memory of Original Wholeness and Conscious Differentiation in Genesis 1:1-2:4a

  • Helen Keith-van Wyk University of KwaZulu-Natal
Keywords: Genesis, paradigm, Jungian psychonalaysis, wholeness, creation

Abstract

Sakkie Spangenberg has written a number of articles dealing with Genesis 1-3 in terms of its place in traditional Christian dogma and the paradigm shifts he has experienced in his understanding of this text. In this article, I would like to honor Sakkie by providing a Jungian psychoanalytic interpretation of Genesis 1:1-2:4a, focusing primarily on the memory of original wholeness and the conscious differentiation that are reflected in this text. I conclude that the psyche that produced this creation story had stalled at the third stage of individuation as a result of a traumatic experience which caused it to long for its erstwhile memory of original wholeness.

References

Bandstra, Barry. Genesis 1-11: A Handbook on the Hebrew Text. Baylor Handbook on the Hebrew Bible. Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press, 2008.

Dawson, Terence. “Jung, literature, and literary criticism.” Pages 255-280 in The Cambridge Companion to Jung. Edited by Polly Young-Eisendrath & Terence Dawson. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Dourley, John P “Memory and Emergence: Jung and the Mystical Anamnesis of the Nothing.” Pages 744-756 in Barcelona 2004 - Edges of Experience: Memory and Emergence: Proceedings of the 16th International Congress for Analytical Psychology. Edited by Lyn Cowan. Einsiedeln: Switzerland: Daimon Verlag, 2006.

Efthimiadis-Keith, Helen. The Enemy is within: A Jungian Psychoanalytic Approach to the Book of Judith. Biblical Interpretation Series, Volume 67. Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, 2004.

XXX.

Efthimiadis-Keith, Helen. “Structural and Psychological Coherence in the Book of Tobit.” Pages 149-164 in Construction, Coherence and Connotation: Studies on the Septuagint, Apocryphal and Cognate Literature, Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature Studies 34. Edited by Pierre J. Jordaan and Nicholas, P. L. Allen. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2016.

Edinger, Edward F. The Bible and the psyche: Individuation symbolism in the Old Testament. Studies in Jungian Psychology by Jungian Analysts. Toronto, Canada: Inner City Books, 1986.

Freedman, R. David. “Woman, a power equal to man.” BAR 9 (1983): 56-58.

Holmsted, Robert D .“The Restrictive Syntax of Genesis i 1”, VT 58 (2008): 56-67.

Howlin, Jeff. “The Wind”, September 24, 2013. [Cited 9 February 2017]. Online: http://www.santacruzpsychologist.com/blog/2013/the-wind/.

Jung, Carl G. Two Essays on Analytical Psychology. The Collected Works of C G Jung, 7. Second edition, revised and augmented (1966). Second printing (1970). Translated by R. F. C. Hull. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1953.

Jung, Carl G. Two Essays on Analytical Psychology. Meridian edition. Translated by R. F. C. Hull. New York: Meridian Books, 1956.

Jung, Carl G. The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious. The Collected Works of C G Jung, 9:1. Second edition (1968), fourth impression (1975). Translated by R F C Hull. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1959a.

Jung, Carl G. Aion. Researches into the Phenomenology of the Self. The Collected Works of C G Jung, 9:2. Second edition. Translated by R. F. C. Hull. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1959b.

Jung, Carl G. Answer to Job. (From Vol. 11 of the Collected Works of C. G. Jung). Translated by R.F.C. Hull. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010. Adobe DRM edition.

Kille D. Andrew. Psychological Biblical Criticism. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2001. Kindle Edition.

Monick, Eugene. Castration and Male Rage: The Phallic Wound. Toronto, Canada: Inner City Books, 1991.

Rollins, Wayne G. Jung and the Bible. Eugene, Oregon: Wipf & Stock, 2013. (Available on Google books. Originally published by John Knox Press in 1983).

Shulman, Dennis G. The Genius of Genesis: A Psychoanalyst and Rabbi Examines the First Book of the Bible. Lincoln, NE: iUniverse, Inc. 2003. Kindle Edition.

Spangenberg, Izak J.J. Die Boek Prediker (Afrikaans Edition). Kaapstad: NGK Uitgewers, 1993.

Spangenberg, Izak J.J. “Beleef die Christelike teologie soos met die vorige eeuwending weer ’n paradigmaverandering?” HTS 58/1 (2002): 100-117.

Spangenberg, Izak J.J. “Wat moet ons Weet en Wat kan Ons nog glo?” NGTT 44/1&2 (2003). [Cited 14 January 2017]. Online: http://ojs.reformedjournals.co.za/index.php/ngtt/article/view/141/260.

Spangenberg, Izak J.J.. “Can a major religion change? Reading Genesis 1–3 in the Twenty-first Century”, VE 28/1 (2007): 259-279.

Spangenberg, Izak J.J. “The Doctrines of Original Sin and the Virgin Birth: Divine Revelation or Human Construct?” VE 30/1 (2009): 221-242.

Spangenberg, Izak J.J. “Opstandingsverhale en Opstandingsdogma”, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 67/1, (2011a), Art. #874, 8 pages. DOI:10.4102/hts.v67i1.874.

Spannenberg, Izak J.J. “Psalm 24: Reading from Right to Left and from Back to Front”, Old Testament Essays, 24/3 (2011b): 746-766.

Spangenberg, Izak J.J. “On the Origin of Death: Paul and Augustine Meet Charles Darwin”, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 69/1 (2013), Art. #1992, 8 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ hts.v69i1.1992.

Spangenberg, Izak J.J.. “Kollig op Genesis 1–3: ’n Verslag van Verskuiwende Denke en Geloof,” OTE 27/2 (2014): 612-636.

Stewart, David J. “The Emergence of Consciousness in Genesis 1–3: Jung’s Depth Psychology and Theological Anthropology,” Zygon, 49/ 2 (June 2014): 509-529.

Trible, Phyllis. God and the Rhetoric of Sexuality. Overtures to Biblical Theology. Augsburg: Fortress Press, 1978.

Wilfong, Marsha M. “Genesis 2:18-24.” Interpretation 421 (1988): 58-63.

Published
2017-09-01