The Use and Interpretation of the Psalms in Early Pentecostalism as Reflected in The Apostolic Faith from 1906-1915
AbstractThis article examines the twenty-five references to the book of Psalms in the first ten years of The Apostolic Faith, the periodical that was published by William J. Seymour at the Azusa St. Revival. The study shows that the early Pentecostal interpretation of the Psalms was neither monolithic nor simple. The early writers utilised a variety of methods and approaches, depending upon their purpose for writing. Seymour and the other contributors to his periodical used the Psalms in at least five different ways: 1. as affirmations of doctrine, 2. as allegories, 3. as analogous to Pentecostal experience, 4. as affective argument, and 5. as assurance and encouragement.
Achtemeier, Elizabeth, Preaching from the Old Testament (Philadelphia: John Knox, 1989).
Alexander, Kimberly E., Pentecostal Healing: Models in Theology and Practice (JPTSup 29; Blandford Forum, UK: Deo Publishing, 2006).
Apostolic Faith, The (Los Angeles, California).
Apostolic Faith, The (Portland, Oregon).
Archer, Kenneth J., A Pentecostal Hermeneutic: Spirit, Scripture and Community (Cleveland, TN: CPT Press, 2009).
Archer, Melissa L., “I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day”: A Pentecostal Engagement with Worship in the Apocalypse (Cleveland, TN: CPT Press, 2014).
Baumgartel, Friedrich, “The Hermeneutical Problem of the Old Testament,” in Essays on Old Testament Hermeneutics, 134-59.
Bridegroom’s Messenger, The (Atlanta, Georgia).
Bright, John, The Authority of the Old Testament (Nashville: Abingdon, 1967).
Brueggemann, Walter, The Bible Makes Sense (Cincinnati: St. Anthony Messenger Press, 2nd edn, 2003).
Brueggemann, Walter, A Pathway of Interpretation: The Old Testament for Pastors and Students (Eugene, OR: Cascade Books, 2008).
Brueggemann, Walter, The Message of the Psalms: A Theological Commentary (Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1984).
Brueggemann, Walter, “Psalms and the Life of Faith: A Suggested Typology of Function,” Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 17 (1980): 3-32.
Bultmann, Rudolph, “Prophecy and Fulfillment,” in Essays on Old Testament Hermeneutics, ed. Claus Westermann (Richmond: John Knox, 1963).
Castelo, Daniel, “Tarrying on the Lord: Affections, Virtues and Theological Ethics in Pentecostal Perspective,” Journal of Pentecostal Theology 13:1 (2004): 31-56.
Church of God Evangel, The (Cleveland, Tennessee).
Clapper, Gregory S., John Wesley on Religious Affections: His Views on Experience and Emotion and Their Role in the Christian Life and Theology (Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1989).
Dayton, Donald W., Theological Roots of Pentecostalism (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1987).
Goldingay, John, Psalms (Baker Commentary on the OT; Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2006).
Green, Chris E.W., Toward a Pentecostal Theology of the Lord’s Supper (Cleveland, TN: CPT Press, 2012).
Green, Chris E.W., “‘Treasures Old and New’: Reading the Old Testament with Early Pentecostal Mothers and Fathers,” Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Pentecostal Studies, February 29-March 3 (Virginia Beach, Virginia, 2012).
Hollenweger, W.J., The Pentecostals (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1988).
Land, Steven Jack, Pentecostal Spirituality (Cleveland, TN: CPT Press, 2010).
Land, Gary, Historical Dictionary of the Seventh-day Adventists (New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 2nd edn, 2015).
Latter Rain Evangel (Chicago, Illinois).
Jacobson, Douglas, Thinking in the Spirit: Theologies of the Early Pentecostal Movement (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press).
MacRobert, Iain, The Black Roots and White Racism of Early Pentecostalism in the USA (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1988).
Martin, Lee Roy, “Pre-critical Exegesis of the Book of Judges and the Construction of a Post-critical Hermeneutic,” Ekklesiastikos Pharos 88 (2006): 338-53.
Martin, Lee Roy, “Psalm 91 and Pentecostal Spirituality: Dwelling in the Secret Place of the Most High,” Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, November 20-23 (San Antonio, Texas, 2016).
McQueen, Larry, Joel and the Spirit: The Cry of a Prophetic Hermeneutic (Cleveland, TN: CPT Press, 2010).
McQueen, Larry R., Toward a Pentecostal Eschatology: Discerning the Way Forward (JPTSup 39; Blandford Forum, UK: Deo Publishing, 2012).
Pentecostal Herald (Chicago, Illinois).
Simpson, A.B., The Fourfold Gospel (New York: Christian Alliance Publishing Co., 4th edn, 1890).
Thomas, John Christopher, ““What the Spirit Is Saying to the Church”: The Testimony of a Pentecostal in New Testament Studies,” in Spirit and Scripture: Exploring a Pneumatic Hermeneutic, ed. Kevin L. Spawn and Archie T. Wright (New York: T & T Clark, 2012).
Wesley, John, The Works of the Rev John Wesley (London: Wesleyan Methodist Book Room, 3rd edn, 1872).
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).